What is Fabrication (Definition and Examples)

Fabrication is more than just a fancy term that describes the process of putting things together. It’s an artistic venture; encompassing both science and craft. Imagine the complexity of transforming raw materials into finished products—from intricate metal parts to simple household appliances; the railroad bridges and tracks. Fascinating, isn’t it? 

What is Fabrication?

Fabrication is defined as the act of constructing different items/materials such as metal, sheet, laminates, wood, and other solid surfaces together. These raw materials can be manufactured into items like engines, machines, tools, and household appliances by using different fabrication processes. Fabrication often includes steps such as  cutting, stamping, shearing, rolling, machining, and others. 

As with other manufacturing processes, fabrication can be done manually. However, with how swiftly technology advances, processes are now often automated with the use of computer programs such as computer-aided designs (CAD). Hence, the need for manpower such as CAD Operators. The use of such technology helps reduce lead times, costs, and material usage.

How Fabrication Works

The fabrication process involves a series of steps that all serve different purposes. However, the first stage of any fabrication project is design. 

Albeit it is possible to use hand-drawn designs for simpler work, CAD programs enable more complex and detailed processes such as prototyping, which helps a lot in the visualization of products. 

The Role of CAD in Fabrication

What is the role of CAD in fabrication? CAD (Computer-Aided Design) plays a pivotal role in the fabrication process by providing numerous advantages that enhance efficiency, accuracy, and cost-effectiveness. Through CAD software, fabricators can create detailed and precise visual representations of their designs, allowing for thorough analysis and refinement before any physical work begins. This helps identify potential issues early, saving both time and materials.

Different Fabrication Processes

Fabricators use a range of processes depending on the product specifications and materials. Here are some of the key processes involved in the majority of fabrication projects:

Burning and Cutting

Burning and cutting tools are used to cut through raw materials. Here are some of the most common burning and cutting techniques used in fabrication. 


Forming is the process of using force to change a flat sheet of metal into a 3D part without adding or subtracting material. This process is controlled by machines to ensure repeatability and accuracy. Industries that make the most out of machine-controlled forming are those within the aerospace, automotive, construction, and architecture sectors. 


Machining is removing material from a solid block to create a desired shape. This includes lathes, mills, and drills. Solid items like bolts, screws, and nuts are common products of machining.

Punching and Stamping

Punching involves using a press to create holes in materials. Stamping, on the other hand, leaves an indentation that can allow shapes and patterns to be imprinted into the piece. Punching and stamping may be done hydraulically, mechanically, and/or mechanically. 


Welding is the foundation of many essential industrial processes and plays a critical role in construction, manufacturing, and metalworking. Naturally, it becomes the primary process in many fabrication projects as well; it joins formed and machined parts to create a final product. If you want to master the basics of welding, TOTC Inc. offers top-notch welding training courses. Just send us a message. 

Finishing Touches

Once a product is formed, it often undergoes finishing processes to improve appearance and durability. This can include coating, painting, and polishing.

Applications of Fabrication

Fabrication isn’t just limited to large metal structures. It plays a crucial role in creating components for engines, machines, tools, and household appliances. Here are some of the applications of fabrication across the many industries in the Philippines. 

Industrial Applications


Fabricated parts for aircraft


Components for vehicles


Metal structures and frameworks

Farming Applications

Farming Equipment

Replacement pieces for an old tractor and other farming equipment

Manufacturing Industry

Boiler, Tank, and Shipping Containers

Assembly parts that make up a ship

Architectural and Structural Metals Manufacturing

Used to form structures of buildings

Structural Beams

Fabricated metals that make it easier to erect buildings

The Role of Fabricators

Fabricators are skilled professionals who bring designs to life. They must understand various materials and processes to create high-quality fabrication projects. 

Challenges in Fabrication

As much as the most skillful fabrication professional makes fabricating look easy, some challenges limit their capacity to produce fabrication projects to the fullest. 

  1. Material Limitations – Different materials have unique properties that can pose challenges. Fabricators need to understand these properties to avoid issues like cracking or warping.
  2. Precision and Accuracy – Maintaining high levels of precision and accuracy is crucial, especially in automated processes. Even minor errors can lead to significant issues in the final product.
  3.  Safety Concerns – Fabrication involves dangerous equipment and materials. Ensuring a safe working environment is paramount to prevent accidents and injuries.


Fabrication is an essential part of modern manufacturing, transforming raw materials into finished products through various processes. Fabrication is crucial for producing a wide range of items we use daily, from household appliances to industrial machinery. It enables the creation of complex structures and components that are essential in modern society.

With advancements in technology and automation, the industry continues to evolve, offering greater efficiency, accuracy, and quality. Whether it’s creating components for a spaceship or a simple kitchen appliance, fabrication plays a crucial role in bringing ideas to life. 

TOTC Inc. is a Rising Fabrication Services Provider

If you’re looking for a service provider, you need a partner capable of meeting all your requirements. Factors to look out for are experience, expertise, and workmanship—all of which are qualities we guarantee as part of TOTC’s work ethic. Furthermore,  our fully-equipped in-house facility and state-of-the-art technology guarantee clients fabrication projects that are second to none. 

Send us your requirements for dependable and high-quality fabrication services!

Learn more about our fabrication services and what projects we are amenable to doing by visiting our page on Fabrication Services.

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Our Story

Toplis Offshore Training Center has been inspired by its mission to provide holistic development for Filipino workers since it started in 2007.  The idea was to develop a facility to train and certify welders that would be deployed by manning agencies for international employment in cruise ships, oil rigs, and platforms, construction, electrical and industrial sites.  95% of the registered manning agencies here in Metro Manila have been our partner in enhancing the skills of Offshore, Maritime, and other Industry workers in various types of welding applications.  With our continuous commitment to provide a global standard facility and training, more and more Filipinos have found life-forming opportunities outside the country as they mastered their craft.  But it didn’t end there. As a business for more than a decade, Toplis Offshore Training Center has realized the need to be more capable of providing service to the community. It was that moment when Toplis Offshore decided to expand the business to provide local employment for more skilled workers.  Year 2017, the company officially introduced service contracting.  The idea was to partner with local businesses to be their service provider from equipment, tools, specialized machinery, and trained workers in the field of construction, manufacturing, building maintenance, and other related industries.  In due course, clients see the value of what we do in service contracting. Most of our clients have started requesting services that are not part of what we initially do as a training facility.  We have started to grow our service contracting arm and even expanded to construction services.  But this year, the transformation begins.  We will continue to transform and improve the skills of the Filipino workforce. We will continue to transform and enhance every industry and its business.  This 2022, Toplis Offshore Training Center Incorporated is now TOTC Inc., your transformation partner through training, service contracting, and trading.